Samuel Krupski / World History CP with Mr. Masterson / December, 2010 / Quarter 2 / Period #7



Section 6.3 - The Rise of Christianity



Key Vocabulary and/or Terms:


  • Apostle - Jesus’ disciples (including 12 total men).
  • Diaspora - Dispersal of the Jews after another attempt break free of the Romans in A.D. 132, another half-million Jews died in three years of fighting, Jewish religion survived, the Jewish political state ceased to exist for more than 1,800 years, most Jews were driven from their homeland into exile.
  • Bishop - A priest, supervised several local churches.
  • Pope - The father or head of the Christian Church.

Key People:


  • Jesus - Around 6 to 4 B.C., a Jew named Jesus was born in the town of Bethlehem in Judea and was raised in the village of Nazareth in northern Palestine, he was baptized by a prophet known as John the Baptist, as a young man, he took up the trade of carpentry, at the age of 30, Jesus began his public ministry, for the next three years, he preached, taught, did good works, and reportedly performed miracles, teachings contained many ideas from Jewish tradition.
  • Paul - Apostle, had enormous influence on Christianity’s development, Paul was a Jew who had never met Jesus and at first was an enemy of Christianity, while traveling to Damascus in Syria, he reportedly had a vision of Christ, spent the rest of his life spreading and interpreting Christ’s teachings.
  • Constantine - Roman emperor, who was fighting three rivals for leadership of Rome, had marched to the Tiber River at Rome to battle his chief rival, on day before the battle at Milvian Bridge, Constantine prayed for divine help, reported that he then saw an image of a cross—a symbol of Christianity.
  • Peter - Apostle, had traveled to Rome from Jerusalem and became the first bishop there, according to tradition.

Key Events:


The Life and Teachings of Jesus:


- Roman power spread to Judea, the home of the Jews, around 63 B.C. at first the Jewish kingdom remained independent.

- After that, Rome took control of the Jewish kingdom in A.D. 6 and made it a province of the empire.

- A number of Jews believed that they would once again be free.

- According to biblical tradition, God had promised that a savior known as the Messiah would arrive and restore the kingdom of the Jews.


Jesus of Nazareth:


- Near 6 to 4 B.C., a Jew named Jesus was born in the town of Bethlehem in Judea, Jesus was raised in the village of Nazareth in northern Palestine, he was baptized by a prophet known as John the Baptist, as a young man, he took up the trade of carpentry

- At around, as historians suggest, age 30, Jesus began his public ministry, the next three years, he preached, taught, did good works, and reportedly performed miracles, teaching contained many ideas from Jewish tradition, such as monotheism.


A Growing Movement:


- Hardly any historical background and information was found on Jesus's life and the main source of information about his teachings are the Gospels, the first four books of the New Testament of the Bible.

- In fact, some of the Gospels are thought to have been written by one or more of Jesus’ apostle.

Jesus's Death:


- Popularity concerned Roman and Jewish leaders, when Jesus visited Jerusalem in 29 A.D.

- Roman governor Pontius Pilate accused Jesus of defying the authority of Rome, he arrests Jesus and sentences him to be crucified (a brutal act of being physically nailed to a wooden cross while sporting a thorny crown).

- After Jesus, an inspiring figure to the citizens at that time, died his body was put into a tomb and when referring to Gospels three days later his body was gone, and a living Jesus began appearing to his followers.

- It is said that the Gospels say that he then gracefully entered heaven.


Christianity Spreads Through the Empire:


- Empowered over his tragic, yet faithful death, the followers of Jesus continued to spread his ideas, his teachings did not contradict Jewish law. He left a severe, enlightening impact on them.


Paul’s Mission:


- An apostle named, like in the Bible, Paul had massive influence on Christianity’s development (see above).

- The Pax Romana, which made travel and the exchange of morals reliable, provided the ideal conditions for Christianity to spread the most-used languages, Latin and Greek.