Sam Krupski - September 8th, 2010 - World History CP

Notes on Chapter 2, Section 1:

Main People/Citizens:
  • Fertile Cresent: lush area in Southwest Asia.
  • Mesopotamia: "Land between two rivers" as the Greeks said.
  • City-state: a functioning area in which the citizens created and followed their own governmental structure.
  • Dynasty: A single family of rulers.
  • Cultural diffusion: the flowing, dispersed mixture of different cultures and policies.
  • Empire: a united nation of people and rulers.
  • Hammurabi: a notable leader that made many rules at that time that the people followed and took to heart.

Main Events/Ideas:

Mesopotamia and Egypt vary greatly.

The Fertile Crescent was a rich, lush, and (as the name suggests) fertile geographical area in Southwest Asia.
Mesopotamia is a plain.
Many harsh environmental issues plagued the Mesopotamian people. These included: unexpected flooding, defenselessness, and few natural resources.
The civilians in Mesopotamia were organized and intelligent, though. They knew a lot about their culture and ways to achieve things.
Each city in the surrounding land, as the textbook states, was called a city-state.
Unlike Egypt, the Mesopotamian people practiced religion and ruling variably. Instead of one, singularly powerful king or pharaoh, they had a series of rules from a family tree called a dynasty.
As cities and civilization grew rapidly, at that time, cultural diffusion was key at this point. The cultures mixed and mingled, so as to say.
A religion with many beliefs and gods is called polytheism - a crucial aspect to Mesopotamian lifestyle.
Sumerian sciences and technologies thrived. Things like mathematics and geometry, architectural geniuses, and cuneiform were practiced well.
Empires are built.
The reign of Hammarubi was one of the most significant in that time.