Sam Krupski - World History CP - September, 2010

Notes on Chapter 2, Section 2:


Key Terms:

The Nile - an ever-flowing, northward-running natural resource and/or delta for the Egyptians back then. Pharaohs - kings considered to be gods to the Egyptians. King Narmer - one of the most famous kings at that period of time. Theocracy - a religion-dominated form of government that the Egyptians practiced. Mummification - the embalming of perished corpses. Pyramid - a triangular-shaped structure that was used for many purposes to the Egyptians (but mostly for a temple or shrine). Papyrus reeds and hieroglyphics - common forms of recording history and writing stories to the Egyptians, then.


Key Idea/Events:


The Geography of Egypt-
Egypt was united into a single, sole kingdom at that time, allowing unity, stability, and cultural continuity (over 3,000 years).
Nile River flows northward.
The Nile River brought an amazingly fertile, lush land for the Egyptians. Every year, it would overflow with freshwater and give everything that needed hydration a drink. This helped immensely for the Egyptians, back then, and they considered the bountiful river a gift.
This gift I mentioned above, was far better and increased the farmer's intake massively, rather than the Mesopotamia's unfortunate villagers.
The Nile is, as the geographical term goes, a delta structure. This makes it much easier to use.

Egypt Unites into a Kingdom-
The king Narmer was a major influence on Egypt.
Being highly different than Mesopotamia, the kings that ruled in the Egyptian era were considered gods (or called pharaohs).
Theocracy was the form of government that the Egyptians followed - religion ruled.
Pyramids were popular architectural monuments (as were obelisks) back then.

Egyptian Culture-
Religion was so dominant in Egypt.
Mummification, or embalming and wrapping the corpse of a human or animal of importance, was almost always practiced.
How did the Egyptians write? Well, definitely not with letters. They used a rather unique scribe called hieroglyphics.
Hieroglyphics were amazing for the preservation and knowledge of their history and famous culture.
Papyrus reeds were used, also.
So, all in all, Egyptian culture and religion (and, for that matter, even their geographical area) was all used to their creative advantage.
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