Samuel R. Krupski - Section 2 / Part 3 - World History w/ Mr. Masterson - Pages 44 through 50

Notes and Key Points:

~ Planned Cities on the Indus ~

Key Terms:

  • Subcontinent - the landmass that includes India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh w/ Indian culture.

  • Monsoons - seasonal winds dominated India's climate. Ranging throughout October to February, then for the other months, they shift.

  • Khyber Pass - the pathway that the first civilians passed through in the Hindu Kush mountains.

  • Harappan civilization - another various term for the Indus Valley due to the miraculous discoveries that the archaeologists found.

  • Plumbing in Mohenjo-Daro - the structures of plumbing built by the Indus that was extremely modern and common for households.

  • Tectonic plates - moving pieces of the Earth's crust.

  • Ancient India - the period/era that took place from 2,500 - 1,500 B.C.

  • Hindu Kush, Karakorum, and Himalayan - mountain ranged spreading throughout the area of the Asian continent.

  • Deccan Plateau - a plateau in the center of peninsula framed by low mountain ranges called the Eastern and Western Ghats.

Key People: (None in Chapter)

Key Ideas and/or Events:

The Geography of the Indian Subcontinent-
Environmental Challenges included: yearly floods (which spread unpredictable deposits of rich soil over a large, widened area).

Many geographical structures spread throughout the Indian Subcontinent - these included: rivers, mountains, plains, bays, peninsulas, and plateaus.

It is predicted that the Indus were some of the first, earliest civilians in that area.

Civilization Emerges on the Indus-

Most cultures planned cities and structural buildings - especially the Egyptians, as mentioned in the textbook.

Harappan Culture-

The Harappan language is impossible to decipher, unlike cuneiform and hieroglyphics. It is also made up of about 400 characters.

The culture was strict and quite surprisingly uniform. Many ideas were made into inventions by the Harappans.

The role of religion was severe and proper back then. Scientists think that the form of religiousness was theocracy.

Trade was popular for goods, at that time. Many objects were sold/traded like: gold and silver (from the north of Afghanistan), semiprecious stones (from Persia and the Deccan Plateau were crafted/made into wearable jewelry) and vibrantly colored cotton.

The Indus Valley's thriving culture ended around 1750 B.C.