Sam Krupski / World History CP / October, 2010 / Notes and/or Homework

´╗┐Chapter 7 - Section 2:


~ Trade Spreads Indian Religions & Culture ~
Key Terms/People:

  • Mahayana - the division of new Buddhist doctrines; the people who basically belonged to these doctrines/sector.
  • Theravada - the civilians who held stricter, more original teachings and methods belonged to this sector (also called the Hinayana, but the first is preferred).
  • Stupa - mounded stone sculptures built over holy relics/temples.
  • Brahma - creator of the world God.
  • Vishnu - preserver of the world God.
  • Shiva - destroyer of the world Goddess.
  • Kalidasa - one of India's most prolific, and crucial writer/poet at that time.
  • Aryabhata - the creator/inventor of the method of pi.
  • Silk Roads - roads and pathways named after that fact that people would trade/transport silk from China to western Asia and then on to the Rome area.
  • Etc.
Key Events/Happenings:
Buddhism & Hinduism Change
Buddhism and Hinduism were main, most dominating faith of religions.
These religons have many complex, yet succinct forms/methods of practice (like, for instance, the Eightfold Path way of life).
The Buddha ruler at that time stressed that nirvana could become a reality for a person - though strict rules must be met and not broken.
Some Buddhist began to believe that more than one person could become a Buddha ruler/leader. These potential Buddhas were known as bodhisattvas.
Many trends that now began to appear then, inspired Indian art and culutral literature back then.

Achievements of Indian Culture
As did the two major religions, Hinduism and Buddhism, underwent massive cultural changes, so did the education and culture of Indians.
Literature and performing arts varied (Kalidasa was very popular then and nowadays).
Astronomy, mathematics, and medicine also changed - advances in science were improved.
Trade was exceedingly important, also.
Silk Roads were coined as that name because of the high-demand for the rich silk resource the Indians had and spun.
As pathways/roads expanded, so did the naval sea tradings among the east and west, then.
Effects on Indian trade were huge.